Difficult to make a choice for your new Built-in Extractor Hood? We wrote this Special buying guide Built-in extractor hood to help you, with the TOP10 of the best sales of the moment, tests, opinions… As in all our buying guides, we've done our best to help you choose the best Built-In Extractor Hood!
Our selection of built-in extractor hood
Built-in extractor hood buying guide
Modern kitchens are often very spoiled when it comes to equipment. Indeed, the major manufacturers of household appliances are not only looking to simplify the tasks of the cooks. At the same time, they think about the development of a clean and healthy environment. It is with this in mind that extractor hoods were invented. It is a device that consists of a suction cone, one or more filters and a fan. By means of the suction and exhaust or recirculation system, an extractor hood can absorb gases, toxic aerosols, odors, humidity, vapors and cooking fumes. He will then recycle them or dispose of them outside. Are you interested in this kind of device? In this guide and comparison, we will give you the criteria to take into account if you want to acquire one. Focus!
The different types of extractor hoods
Many models of extractor hood are currently available on the market. If we refer to their aspiration modes, we can distinguish: extractor hoods, recycling hoods, combination hoods, perimeter hoods and central vacuum hoods. Otherwise, it should be noted that a hood can be fixed to a wall or at an angle to constitute a wall hood or a corner hood, but it can also be hung on an island.
Thus, we can differentiate between: a cap hood, a built-in hood and a decorative hood such as a decorative chimney hood or a hotpoint decorative wall hood. But here it is especially relevant to talk about built-in extractor hoods that some people also call cupboard hoods and which are among the very useful household appliances in a kitchen.
What are the types of built-in extractor hood
There are different types of integrated or built-in hood:
- The retractable or removable hood
- The filtering group or suction group hood
- The worktop hood
- The ceiling hood
- The telescopic or drawer hood
This is a hood that mounts between two high furniture while integrating perfectly with the alignment of your hob. You can also build it into a piece of furniture, always at a height. This device has a front that can be tilted to turn it on. In general, a hood of this type measures 60 x 40 x 27 cm. It is important to know that if you install it at the wrong height, the fold-down surface could get in the way when cooking.
When it comes to discretion, the hood takes first place, because when it is not in operation, it is totally invisible. This advantage can be further optimized if you opt for a facade identical to the style of the furniture in your kitchen.
This type of hood is also characterized by its particularity to be integrated into a tall kitchen cabinet. It is possible to make it invisible if we arrange a decorative fireplace or some sort of hood in masonry or wood. The width of this type of suction device generally varies between 50 and 90 cm.
It is a hood that fits on the worktop, directly behind or on the sides of the hob. One of the advantages of this type of installation is that it is both discreet and modern. You can install it if you have a kitchen with minimal equipment or if you have a central island. Models of 60 to 90 cm width are available on the market.
We are talking about a hood that has the same installation principle as another filter group type model. However, here, the device is integrated into the ceiling or false ceiling, as its name suggests. Its discretion therefore no longer needs to be demonstrated. As for the dimensions, you can find models of 50 to 120 cm of width. Since it is placed in height, this hood is controlled by a remote control.
If we compare it with other types of hood, it benefits from a greater air suction capacity. If you have a large kitchen, this will suit your needs perfectly. For it to be fully effective, a ceiling hood should be placed at a suitable distance from the worktop. To find out if your installation respects this rule, it is best to refer to the technical sheet.
The pull-out hood can also be fitted into an overhead cabinet in your kitchen. It is also discreet, because it only lets the control panel appear when it is inactive. When you want to make it work, just slide the drawer forward. To turn it off, the opposite manipulation has to be done.
Space-saving, the majority of drawer hoods are 60 cm wide. Models of 80 and 90 cm are nevertheless available on the market. Due to its dimensions, this device therefore fits perfectly into a small kitchen.
The criteria for selecting a built-in extractor hood
When buying your extractor hood, in addition to choosing the type, you should also consider certain criteria. This must be done, in order to benefit from a device that is effective and provides real comfort of use.
Moreover, in recent years, manufacturers have not failed to innovate on each of their products. In fact, current hoods have significant suction and filtration performance. In this same perspective, the level of noise pollution can be seen more and more diminished. But to go into more detail on the subject, here are the criteria that must be taken into account.
Measured in m3 / h, the maximum airflow of a hood is its suction capacity or its ability to renew the air in your kitchen. Thus, the flow must be adapted to the volume of the latter. Concretely therefore, insofar as your kitchen is bulky, your hood must have a significant maximum flow. Note that devices of this kind which are intended for individuals generally have flow rates varying from 150 to 1000 m3 / h. In addition, they should be able to renew the ambient air in the kitchen, 10 to 15 times per hour.
Doesn't that really help you? Well, know that there are simple formulas for knowing the precise flow required.
- Room volume (H x L x W) x 10 (low range)
- Room volume (H x L x W) x15 (high fork
With these calculations, you will be able to get two values ??(low and high) for the airflow required for the hood to be efficient.
You should know, however, that if you have an open kitchen or if you regularly grill and fry, the ideal would be to opt for the high range.
If some may confuse the flow and the power, know that the latter corresponds to the electric motor power of the device expressed in W (Watts). However, it is important to note that a very powerful range hood may not be suitable for your kitchen. On this criterion, it is the energy consumption that you should see. So, if you want a high-performance device that isn't going to add exponentially to your electricity bill, then rely on the energy class of the device. In this context, we advise you to opt for Class A.
The hood suction speeds
At the same level as the maximum air flow, the suction speeds, or more particularly the number of the latter is a preponderant element during your choice. Depending on the model, you will find extractor hoods with 2 to 5 speeds.
The presence of these speeds or suction rates will allow the hood to be adapted to what you are cooking. Indeed, the suction power will be different depending on the preparations in order to efficiently recycle the air. For cooking over low heat, for example, the minimum speed is suitable. As for the second speed, you will use them for cooking with larger fires. For speeds beyond the second, they are mainly used when the preparation emits odors, oily fumes or vapors.
In some models, the presence of an intensive mode function, also called Timed booster, maximizes the flow for a few minutes. This is a handy feature if your kitchen opens onto a living area and when you are cooking meat that will cause a lot of smoke.
Note that depending on the ranges and models, a hood can be more or less noisy. It can even be unbearable when the equipment is used optimally. This is therefore a criterion that should not be taken lightly, especially if the kitchen opens onto a living space.
Expressed in decibels (dB), the sound level will vary depending on the characteristics of the hood (power and type of suction). Thus, the more powerful it is, the more it will make noise. So be aware that quiet models generally make a noise of 50 dB while noisier models can exceed 75 dB. If you opt for a hood that offers 60 dB of sound level, this is considered comfortable.
The energy label
Like any other household appliance, a built-in extractor hood must have an energy label. These are mainly terms that will define the energy efficiency of the device. As a rule, several elements are mentioned:
- Energy class: from A to G
- Annual energy consumption: in kWh
- The efficiency of the cooking zone lighting
- Sound level: in dB
- Fluid-dynamic efficiency or vapor discharge
- Fat filtration efficiency
What are the components of a built-in extractor hood?
To efficiently recycle or exhaust air in a kitchen, a built-in extractor hood has several elements.
The grease filter
Whether in evacuation or recycling mode, grease filters (1, 2 or 3 in general) are intended to trap the particles of grease present in the steam or the cooking smoke. Depending on the models they can be of various shapes and presentations. However, for the most part, they take the form of cassettes usually made of aluminum. They are called in this case cassette filters or metal filters. In some cases, filters can be found in the form of a metal grid and others in synthetic fiber.
The carbon filter
If your hood is operating recycling mode, one or two carbon filters must be present in your appliance. Depending on the manufacturer or retailer, this type of filter may only be offered as an option. It is therefore essential to verify this point at the time of purchase.
A charcoal filter is designed to deodorize the air before returning it to your kitchen. Concretely, the air will first pass through the grease filter before passing through the carbon filter. Note that the latter is not washable and must be replaced every 4 to 6 months depending on the frequency of use. Also, you should know that its density determines its ability to capture odors.
The non-return valve
Also called backflow preventer, this component helps prevent heat loss or the infiltration of cool air into the piping. It also blocks the return of fatty vapors to the kitchen.
In general, this part is provided if you opt for a hood that operates in exhaust mode. Its location is at the exit of the drainage system on the roof or front of your house.
On some high-end models, the motor may be sold separately. The advantage is that you will be able to choose its installation:
- Motor on the hood body
- Remote motor
- External motor
It is important to know that an installation with a remote motor can considerably reduce the sound level provided by the device.
Dernière mise à jour : 2021-03-05 02:32:38